Command to view DNS records for a Domain in Ubuntu Linux

Learn how to use nslookup command in Ubuntu such as 22.04 or 20.04 to check the DNS records for a website domain.

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a central directory service that is responsible for name resolution on the Internet. If problems arise, it can sometimes be useful to take a look behind the scenes and, for example, to determine an IP address for a hostname. A useful tool for this purpose is nslookup, which we will introduce to you in more detail in this post.

What is nslookup?

nslookup (“name server lookup”) is a handy little command line tool that allows you to find the IP address to a hostname (DNS lookup) or (vice versa) the domain name to a specific IP address (reverse DNS). It can be executed from the command line of the respective operating system. It works on all working operating systems such as Windows, Linux, and macOS.

Steps to check in DNS records for a domain in Ubuntu

The given commands to view DNS records on Linux will work on all Ubuntu and Debian distros such as Linux Mint, POP OS, and more…

1. Install NSlookup in Ubuntu

Well, we don’t need to install NSlookup in Ubuntu because it is already on your system. Hence, only you should know how to use it for getting records such as AAA, A, TXT, MX, and more… Let’s see how to view all such DNS records using this tool.

However, if you don’t have this DNS lookup tool, then here is the command to install NSlookup:

sudo apt install dnsutils

2. Command to check ‘A’ DNS record

Now, let’s say you just want to view the ‘A‘ DNS record or IP address on Linux of any domain available online or in your local network and accessible too, then here is the command to follow.

nslookup your-domain-name

For example:




Non-authoritative answer:
Address: 2a03:2880:f16b:81:face:b00c:0:25de

3. Reverse DNS lookup in Ubuntu Linux

Now, let’s say you have an IP address of some domain but don’t know, for which domain exactly then we can use the nslookup for reverse DNS lookup.


nslookup ip-address


Reverse DNS lookup command in Ubuntu Linux

Note: In the above screenshot, you can see two values providing the answers to your query. One is Non-Authoritative– The output given under it by NSlookup means the answer displayed is not fetched by one of the nameservers associated with the Domain you have searched for; instead by some other such as your ISP nameserver; the other is Authoritative Answer, the values displayed under this are provided by the official the Nameservers belongs to the searched domain.

4. nslookup common Options

For those who are looking for options to view a single type of DNS record using the NSlookup then here are those:

nslookup OptionExplanation
-debug To get debug info
-port=[port-number]To check the DNS record at some specific port, by default it uses 53
-timeout=[seconds]If the server is slow, you can assign some time to your query command to wait until you receive the DNS record details
-type=aThis option is to get the DNS A address records.
-type=anyTo check any type of available records details of a domain or website
-type=txtView TXT records like DKIM, SPF, etc.
-type=mxNslookup option to have records available for the Mail Exchange server
-type=ns To view DNS records available for Domain’s Name Server.
-type=ptrView Pointer records. Used in reverse DNS lookups.
-type=soaTo check the Start of Authority records

Now, let’s see how to use the above options of NSlookup:

5. View all Domain DNS records

Let’s say you don’t have any particular DNS record type in mind to view for a particular website Domain. In such case, to have a general idea we can run a command to check all the available records associated with a Domain. Here is the command of nslookup to use:


nslookup -type=any your-domain-name


nslookup -type=any

You will have all the available records such as NS, A, TXT, and more…

Check all the available Domain records on Linux

6. View only A DNS record in Linux

Although we can get the A record or Ip-address information related to some domain without giving any paraments, however, if want to be specific then use it. Here is the way:


nslookup -type=a your-domain-name


nslookup -type=a
View only A DNS record command line

7. View Domain MX Records on Ubuntu

Next, check what are the available Mail Exchange records that are used by the DNS of a domain to route the Emails. Such records help Domain to make sure emails are going to the right mail server.


nslookup -type=mx your-domain-name


nslookup -type=mx
comamnd to view DNS MX Records

8. Command to Check for Domain NameServer records

Nameservers are the servers that are used to store the information related to a Domain name. They are responsible for converting the domain name into an IP address or vice versa. It is an essential part of our Domain Name System (DNS). For example, we type the domain name of some websites but the computer doesn’t understand that, here Nameservers come in. It translates that domain name into a valid Ip-address associated with that domain.

To view the available Nameservers DNS records on Linux for some Domain, we can use the following NSlookup command:


nslookup -type=ns your-domain-name


nslookup -type=ns
View Nameserver or NS DNS record linux

9. View Domain SOA Records on Linux

The Start of Authority (DNS) SOA records in DNS are very important, they store the key information about a Domain or zone. Such as when was the last time the Domain was updated, the admin email address, and the amount of time secondary servers should wait to fetch the SOA record from the Primary Server if it has been updated. And also when servers should stop querying about SOA records. Also, in DNS zone transfer, the SOA records transfer first.

To view SOA DNS records on Linux using NsLookup, the syntax is:

nslookup -type=soa your-domain-name


nslookup -type=soa
check Domain SOA Record

10. Check DNS Text Records in Ubuntu Terminal

TXT is another type of record maintained by the DNS server of a Domain to provide information about other multiple types of records such as DKIM, SPF, etc.


nslookup -type=txt


nslookup -type=txt
Domain Text Record

11. Nslookup debug option

We also have Debug option to have more additional available information.


nslookup -debug


nslookup -debug

Check out NSlookup Manpage on Ubuntu

Other Articles:

How to use the Whois command on Linux to see domain-info
How to set DNS Nameserver on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy
Set Up Nginx as a Reverse Proxy For Apache on Ubuntu 22.04
List of Commands to get Linux system info using terminal
2 ways to find my IP address on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy JellyFish

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