Let’s see the commands that we can use to install Gfortran 5/6/7/8/9/10/11 versions on Ubuntu 18.04/20.04/21.04, Linux Mint, Debian, and other similar systems.
FORTRAN is the abbreviation of Formula Translation. This high-level language was designed for science, engineering problems, or those problems in enterprise management that can be expressed by mathematical formulas, and its numerical calculation function is strong.
It was proposed in 1954 and officially used in 1956. It has a history of sixty years until 2021, but it is still enduring. It has always been the main language used in the field of numerical computing. However, it has also been an object-oriented programming language since 2003, which is used in particular for numerical calculations in science, technology, and research.
The GNU version of Fortran is known as GFortran, a GNU Fortran compiler, which is part of the free GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) for Fortran 95/2003/2008/2018. Learn more about it on Wikipedia.
Here we will learn the steps to install GFortran’s latest version on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal fossa to start learning this programming language.
Steps to install GFortran latest version on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux
Run system update
Make sure you have an updated system and for that run the below-given system update command that will also rebuild the repository cache.
sudo apt update
Install GFrotan 5/6/7/8/9/10/11 on Ubuntu 20.04
The default base repository of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS offers 5 to 10 versions of it, so if you want to install any of them, can use the appropriate command given below:
sudo apt install gfortran-5
For Version 6
sudo apt install gfortran-6
For Version 7
sudo apt install gfortran-7
For Version 8
sudo apt install gfortran-8
For Version 9
sudo apt install gfortran-9
For Version 10
sudo apt install gfortran-10
For Gfortran Version 11 and other latest one in development:
However, currently while writing the article Gfortran version 11 was not available in the default repository of Ubuntu 20.04. Hence, if you want that then can add a PPA.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
Install Gfortran 11 on Ubuntu
sudo apt install gfortran-11
To check the installed version:
You can replace the 11 with the version in the above command you are using.
Depending upon the Fortran code, save the code file with the appropriate extension. For example: If the source code is in FORTRAN 77 the code file will be saved with
.f (or the less common
.for) extension. In the same way for Fortran 90
.f90 the extension will be used and for Fortran 95 –
Let’s take an example of Fortran 77 code
Using the below-given code we will ask a user to enter two values A and B after that system will automatically find the find greatest common divisor for both the number using the Euclidean algorithm.
Copy-paste the below-given code:
PROGRAM EUCLID PRINT *, 'A?' READ *, NA IF (NA.LE.0) THEN PRINT *, 'A must be a positive integer.' STOP END IF PRINT *, 'B?' READ *, NB IF (NB.LE.0) THEN PRINT *, 'B must be a positive integer.' STOP END IF PRINT *, 'The GCD of', NA, ' and', NB, ' is', NGCD(NA, NB), '.' STOP END FUNCTION NGCD(NA, NB) IA = NA IB = NB 1 IF (IB.NE.0) THEN ITEMP = IA IA = IB IB = MOD(ITEMP, IB) GOTO 1 END IF NGCD = IA RETURN END
Compile the saved Fortran code
Here we are using version 11:
gofortran-11 test.f -o youapp.out
Note: you can change the youapp with whatever name you want to assign your output file:
Now, run the compiled program:
In this way, we can install and start compiling our Fortran codes on Ubuntu Linux operating systems. Learn more about this language at its official wiki page.
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