How to manually install Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we learn the simple commands to install Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy JelyFish LTS Linux using the command terminal.

Apart from using as a Web server, it is also used as a proxy, cache, and load-balancing server. To install it, you just need a Linux server such as Ubuntu 22.04 and sudo user rights along with the Internet connection.

Steps to install Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

1. Update Ubuntu 22.04

Start with updating the system which we’ll refresh the APT package manager index cache. It is important when we install some applications on Ubuntu using the default package manager.

sudo apt update

2. Install Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04

Nginx is a popular open-source software, hence available to install using the default system repository of Ubuntu 22.04. So, in your command terminal just run the following given command.

sudo apt install nginx

3. Start, Restart or Stop the Nginx service

Once the installation is completed, nothing else we need to do. However, to confirm it is on our system running fine without generating any errors run the command given here.

For getting version details:

nginx -v

For Checking the status of the Nginx service, we can use:

sudo systemctl status nginx --no-pager -l

If the service is not running, then we can start it using:

sudo systemctl start nginx

Whereas, in the future, if you want to stop or restart the Nginx then the commands to use are:

To restart:

sudo systemctl restart nginx

To Stop:

sudo systemctl stop nginx

4. Open Firewall for Nginx

If you are relying on the Ubuntu system firewall and it is active, then we have to open port 80 for the HTTP connection and 443 for the HTTPS connection. You can use the given command for that:

sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'

Whereas those who are using some cloud hosting service such as Amazon Lightsail, need to manually open the ports in their service provider’s firewall.

5. Check the Test page

To confirm, the Nginx is properly delivering the test page over HTTP, open your browser and type: http://127.0.0.1 or http://your-server-ip-address

Manually install Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04

Those who can access the graphical interface to run the browser and want to access the Nginx test page; can use the Terminal as well. For that run:

sudo apt install curl

Now, use curl to fetch page details:

curl –i 127.0.0.1

or

curl -i your-server-ip

Note: Replace your-server-IP with the actual Ip-address assigned to your server.

The output you get after accessing the test page using the curl and terminal will be in HTML format.

6. Nginx Server Block for WordPress

Once we have the Nginx Server up and ready we can start delivering our website by placing our web files. However, by default, the Nginx web server reads the files available under /var/www/html. However, when it comes to setting up multiple domains or websites on a single web server we need to configure server blocks for each website.

Let’s say you have a xyz.com domain and want to install WordPress for it. First, create a directory for it to store the content of WordPress.

Note: Replace xyz.com with the one you want to use.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/xyz.com/html

Change the created directory permission:

sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /var/www/xyz.com
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/xyz.com

Place the file of the website you want to access on your domain under the created directory. For example, you want to set up WordPress. Then let’s first download it. You can put any other CMS or HTML files for the website you want.

For WordPress, first, download it:

wget https://wordpress.org/latest.zip

Extract and move its file to the directory you have created for your domain.

unzip latest.zip
mv wordpress/* -d /var/www/xyz.com/html

Create a server configuration block:

Now, let’s create a configuration block that is known as a virtual host configuration in the Apache web server.

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/xyz.com

Add the following lines:

server {
        listen 80;
        listen [::]:80;

        root /var/www/xyz.com/html;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;

        server_name xyz.com www.xyz.com;

        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }
}

Note: To run WordPress your system must have PHP installed.

To save the file press Ctrl+O, hit the Enter key, and then exit Ctrl+X.

7. Enable create site configuration

Once you have created the files, let’s create a Symbolic link for it inside the site-enabled folder of Nginx, so that the web server can read it.

sudo ln –s /etc/nginx/sites-available/xyz.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled

Restart the Nginx:

sudo systemctl restart nginx

8. Test the configuration file

Now, let’s test the configuration file to find out if there is any error in our created file.

sudo nginx -t

The output must be:

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

9. Access your Web files

Now, open your browser that can access your server IP address where you have installed the Nginx webserver. Type the Ip-address or domain in the following format:

http://server-ip-adress

or

http://your-domain.com

In our case, here we have xyz.com.

Install WordPress on Nginx Ubuntu 20.04

In this way, we can install and use the Ngnix Web server on Ubuntu 22.04 to deliver some websites.

Other Articles:

Set Up Nginx as a Reverse Proxy For Apache on Ubuntu 22.04
NGINX vs. Apache: Comparision of web servers to host your website
How to Install WordPress on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Server
Install Microsoft SQL Server 2022 preview on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

 

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.