Organizing data and carrying out some complex calculations with them was never that easy before **Microsoft Excel **was developed. As you already know, it is a spreadsheet program, where you can carry out a plethora of tasks, beyond imagination. Besides maintaining data, and carrying out simple through complex calculations, Microsoft Excel can also be used to make invoices, create graphs, which can later be used in presentations, graphically represent data and everything else. Well, don’t get me wrong for just mentioning these few features of Microsoft Excel. I just mentioned those features, which I frequently use, but that is just the tip of the iceberg and you can easily understand that if you are an expert user of MS Excel.

Well, keeping our other advanced features of Microsoft Excel aside, let me talk about something important, which we all come across every day. It is, calculating percentage values. from calculating discounts and profit margins to the calculation of an increase in sales value, percentage calculation is something that we all need. So, today I will discuss how to find out percentages in Excel. Once you know **how to calculate percentage in Excel**, using the percentage formula you can use the same in a form to offer **discounts **to your customers, **calculate marks **of your students, and you a lot more. I don’t have to elaborate on how the computation of **percentage **in Microsoft Excel can be useful for you!

## How to calculate percentage in excel

**Percentage formula in Excel and the calculation**

So, without any for the delay, let’s get started with the process of adding percentage values in Excel.

Before proceeding, let’s have a look at the basic formula for finding percentages.

To find out, how much a particular number is out of the total the formula is as given below.

*Percentage = (Part ÷ Total) × 100*

To find out the percentage increase second number with respect to the first number, the formula is given below.

*Percentage increase = {(Second number – First number) ÷ First number} × 100*

**Finding percentage on Microsoft Excel**

Let’s first find out the formula for finding out how much percent a number is, out of the total, or another number.

Let me consider, you already have two numbers in a particular cell **B2 **and **C2**, and you want to find out, how much percent, the number in **B2 **is, out of **C2**, and want the result in **D2**.

Select the cell D2, and enter the following formula.

*D2=(B2/C2)*100*

Similarly, if you have two values in **B3 **and **C3**, and want to find out how much is the value with **B3 **out of **C3**, and want the result in **D3**, just pull from the small dot on **D2**, till **D3**, and even in **D4**, **D5**, **D6**, and more, to find out how much the values in **column B** are, out of the values in **column C**, and want the results in **column D**.

Alternatively, if you have values in **column B**, and want to find out, how much, they are, out of a total number, and want the results in **column C**, you can use the following formula, by selecting the first cell. Let’s consider it to be **C2**.

*C2 = (B2/Total)*100*

For example: *C2 = (B2/400)*100*

Now again pull from the dot under **C2**, till the cells below it, in the same column, as long as you need.

Now let’s find out, how you can find the increase or decrease of a number compared to a previous number, or any other number.

Let me consider, you have two values in **B2 **and **C2**. Now, you need to check, how much more or less, **C2 **is, with respect to **B2**, and want the result in **D2**. The formula in **D2 **will be as below.

*D2=((C2-B2)/B2)*100*

In the same way, you can pull from the dot below **D2 **till the next cells vertically downwards, as long as you need.

Let me now consider you have to find a certain percentage of a number. Let’s say, how do you find **40 percent **of a number. Or else you want to know, how to calculate the percentage discount, which can be very useful if you are selling something.

The formula will be simple. It will be as given below.

*Value = (Percentage ÷ 100) × Full number*

So to find **40%** of a value in a cell **B2**, and want the result in **C2**, the percentage formula in Excel for the same in **C3 **will be as below.

*C2=(40/100)*B2*

Now, to find the price of a product after maybe, **40% discount** on the product, the formula is as below.

*Selling price = {(100 – percentage discount) ÷ 100} × Marked price*

So, if you have the marked price of a product in **B2**, and find the selling price after a **40%** discount in **C2**, the formula in **C2 **will be as below.

*C2=((100-40)/100)*B2*

In both cases, you can replace 40 with the desired value, and you can pull from the dot below the cell to the next cells in the same column.

So that was how you can use our find percentage values in Microsoft Excel. If you are using a different spreadsheet program, for example, Google Sheets or OpenOffice, the process will be exactly the same. Depending upon what kind of percentage values you have to find out, you have to choose the cells containing the values accordingly. As of now, there isn’t an integrated function to find percentage values on Microsoft Excel.

Now that you have learned how to find percentage values in Microsoft Excel, you can use it for a number of different purposes. Do you have any questions about the tutorial? Feel free to comment on the same below.

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