Install and Use OpenSSH server on Windows 11 or 10

Enable OpenSSH Server and client feature in Windows 11 or 10 using the PowerShell command line or Terminal…

Microsoft has changed a couple of things with the advancement of Windows 10 which also shows its proliferating love towards the Open source and Linux. That’s is the reason we can see the WSL & OpenSSH integration in Windows 10 as well as in its successor OS Windows 11.

Well, on one hand, the OpenSSH client will be installed and activated by default on Windows 11, Server part of this SSH program needs to be set up manually. And here we are with a tutorial to learn that.

Command to install OpenSSH Server and client in Windows 11 or 10

The SSH client on Windows 10/11 is installed in the so-called optional features. This can be reached by searching for “optional features” in the start menu. The SSH client can be found under “Add feature”. However, we will go for the Command line method to set up SSH.

Open PowerShell Command line

Whether you are on Windows 10 or 11, right-click on the Start button and select either Windows Terminal (Admin) or PowerShell (Admin)

Run Windows terminal Admin

 

Check SSH server & client are active or not

To know whether OpenSSH is already installed on your Windows system or not, run the following command:

Get-WindowsCapability -Online | Where-Object Name -like 'OpenSSH*'

In our case, the client was installed but the OpenSSH server was not. If that is the same then move to the next step.

 

Install OpenSSH Server on Windows 11 or 10

We have given both the commands to activate either the Client or Server part of this open-source SSH tool.

# Install the OpenSSH Client

Add-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Client~~~~0.0.1.0

# Install the OpenSSH Server

Add-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Server~~~~0.0.1.0

 

Install OpenSSH server and client on Windows 11

 

Start OpenSSH Server Service

To make the service of OpenSSH start and run automatically with the system boot use the below-given commands:

Start-Service sshd

Mark the service to start automatically:

Set-Service -Name sshd -StartupType 'Automatic'

 

Configure SSH in Firewall

Paste the given block of command in the Powershell and hit the Enter key. Although the Firewall rule will automatically get configured while installing the OpenSSH server, however still to confirm it run the given command. If the Firewall rule already exits then you will have “Firewall rule ‘OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP’ has been created and exists” in return.

if (!(Get-NetFirewallRule -Name "OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | Select-Object Name, Enabled)) { Write-Output "Firewall Rule 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' does not exist, creating it..." New-NetFirewallRule -Name 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' -DisplayName 'OpenSSH Server (sshd)' -Enabled True -Direction Inbound -Protocol TCP -Action Allow -LocalPort 22 } else { Write-Output "Firewall rule 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' has been created and exists." }

Configure Firewall for OpenSSh server in Windows 11

 

Connect to OpenSSH Server

Now, we can test our server by connecting it using some other computer or virtual machine. Simply open the command line of Linux, macOS, or Windows that can access the installed SSH server’s IP address and use the following given syntax to connect the same.

ssh [email protected]/servername

For example:

ssh [email protected] 192.168.43.252

Here we are using Ubuntu Linux to connect the Windows command line via SSH server.

Connect to Windows SSh Server

 

Remove or Uninstall

In case you want to disable or uninstall the OpenSSH server/client feature on Windows 10 or 11, here are the commands to follow. Again open Powershell as Admin and run the following desired one.

#Remove the OpenSSH Client

Remove-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Client~~~~0.0.1.0

#Remove the OpenSSH Server

Remove-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Server~~~~0.0.1.0

 

 

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