How to Install Ubuntu Minimal Server 18.04 “Bionic Beaver”: Just 64 MB

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Installing Ubuntu operating system is not a big deal but sometimes you don’t need a pre-installed Graphical user interface or software; just a minimal base OS is required, especially in case of servers. Because the administrators or users those using Linux on servers for some specific task don’t require extra stuff; those not only waste the storage but also RAM. And in server environment both are costly. So, here in this article, we will show you how to install the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS minimal server which is of just 64MB along with screenshots.  For showing the tutorial, we are using the open source Oracle Virtual Box to create the Ubuntu virtual machine server.

The following tutorial is applicable to:

  • Ubuntu 18.04 “Bionic Beaver” 64MB ISO
  • Ubuntu 17.10 “Artful Aardvark” 58MB  ISO
  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS “Xenial Xerus” 54MB ISO
  • Ubuntu 14.04 LTS “Trusty Tahr” 37MB ISO

Prerequisite:

Internet connection to download few packages while installing.

Minimal Ubuntu Server Installation

Step 1: Download Minimal Ubuntu Server

Go to https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/MinimalCD and download the minimal Ubuntu server ISO image you want to install on your server. For this tutorial, we are using the 64-bit version of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.


Step 2: Either burn the ISO image on CD or USB drive.


Step 3: Once you get the Ubuntu bootable CD/USB drive boot the PC or server with that.

    • Note: If you are using the Virtual Machine then you directly use the ISO image no need of bootable CD/DVD.

Step 4: Installing a minimal Ubuntu server

After booting you will get four options: Install, Command-line Install, Advance options and Help.  

Choose the Install option. It will give you a kind of graphical environment for the easy installation of a minimal Ubuntu server.

Ubuntu installer minimal server


Step 5: Select Language

The language selector will appear. Select the language you comfortable in. For this, you can use the arrow keys on the keyboard and for selecting the almighty “Enter” key.Select languages


Step 6: Select your location

Choose the location where you live that will help Ubuntu to set the local time zone.Select country


Step 7: Choose a keyboard layout

If you choose the ‘YES ‘Ubuntu installer will automatically detect your keyboard layout otherwise choose ‘NO‘ and based on location preference above it will select the default.choose the keyboard layout for Ubuntu minimal server installation


Step 8: Loading additional components

The Ubuntu installer start retrieving and loading additional components to configure further things.Retrinving mirrors


Step 9: Configure the network

Give the hostname to your server. It could be any by which you want to identify your system in your home network.  But, if you are about to use the server for the commercial environment then either check your domain or contact the admin.hostname


Step 10: Setup user and passwords

This account will use for non-administrative activities.admin user and password setup

The password for the new usersetup user and password

After setting up the username and password, the Ubuntu installer will start installing the base system for Ubuntu.

Once the basic configuration completed. It will ask you whether you want-to automate the security Updates or not. The options are: No automatic updates, Install security updates automatically and Manage system with landscape. Choose what is best for you.Install Ubuntu minimal configuration updates

In this step, as far, the Ubuntu installer has only installed the core of the systems. Now it Gives you a list of software selection out of which you can choose according to your requirement, in case you want otherwise just continue.

    •  The List of software it provides are:
      • Ubuntu Cloud Inage (Instance)
      • DNS Server
      • Kubuntu Desktop
      • Kubtuntu full
      • LAMP server
      • Lubuntu minimal Installation
      • Lubtuntu Desktop
      • Lubtuntu minimal Installation (GTK part)
      • Lubtuntu Desktop (GTK part)
      • Lubuntu minimal Installation (QT part)
      • Lubuntu Qt Desktop (QT part)
      • Mail Server
      • PostgreSQL database
      • Print server
      • Samba file server
      • Ubuntu Budgie desktop
      • Ubuntu desktop
      • Ubuntu MATE desktopAudio recording and editing suite
      • Ubtuntu Studio desktop
      • Ubuntu Studio minimal DE Installation
      • Large selection of font packages
      • 2D/3D creation and editing suite
      • Photograph touchup and editing suite
      • Publishing applications
      • Video creation and editing suite
      • Vanilla GNOME desktop
      • Xubutnu minimal Installation
      • Xubuntu desktop
      • OpenSSh server
      • Basic Ubuntu serverChoose software from the lisy

You can continue if you don’t want to install software. However,  I want to use this server for the web so I have chosen the LAMP.

The Ubuntu installer will start the further installation process and ask for your permission to Install the GRUB boot loader to the master boot record? Just selects the YES.Ubuntu install minimal boot loader

Wait for sometime, let the installer finish the installation and then eject the installation CD and reboot the system. You will get a minimal Ubuntu server environment. Login with the details of the user you set above.

Other Useful resources:

 

Rajkumar Mauryahttps://www.how2shout.com
Rajkumar Maurya is the H2S Media tech expert. He’s always been passionate about technology and has been writing on the subject since 2014. He has extensive knowledge of all kinds of technology, from consumer-tech to enterprise solutions. You can contact the author at-- raj@how2shout.com

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