• How to Install Ubuntu Minimal Server 18.04 “Bionic Beaver”: Just 64 MB

    Installing Ubuntu operating system is not a big deal but sometimes you don’t need a pre-installed Graphical user interface or software; just a minimal base OS is required, especially in case of servers. Because the administrators or users those using Linux on servers for some specific task don’t require extra stuff; those not only waste the storage but also RAM. And in server environment both are costly. So, here in this article, we will show you how to install the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS minimal server which is of just 64MB along with screenshots.  For showing the tutorial, we are using the open source Oracle Virtual Box to create the Ubuntu virtual machine server.

    The following tutorial is applicable to:

    • Ubuntu 18.04 “Bionic Beaver” 64MB ISO
    • Ubuntu 17.10 “Artful Aardvark” 58MB  ISO
    • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS “Xenial Xerus” 54MB ISO
    • Ubuntu 14.04 LTS “Trusty Tahr” 37MB ISO

    Prerequisite:

    Internet connection to download few packages while installing.

    Minimal Ubuntu Server Installation

    1. Go to https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/MinimalCD and download the minimal Ubuntu server ISO image you want to install on your server. For this tutorial, we are using the 64-bit version of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
    2. Either burn the ISO image on CD or USB drive.
    3. Once you get the Ubuntu bootable CD/USB drive boot the PC or server with that.
      • Note: If you are using the Virtual Machine then you directly use the ISO image no need of bootable CD/DVD.
    4. After booting you will get four options: Install, Command-line Install, Advance options and Help.  
    5. Choose the Install option. It will give you a kind of graphical environment for the easy installation of a minimal Ubuntu server.Ubuntu installer minimal server
    6. The language selector will appear. Select the language you comfortable in. For this, you can use the arrow keys on the keyboard and for selecting the almighty “Enter” key.Select languages
    7. Choose the location where you live that will help the Ubuntu to set the local time zone.Select country
    8. Choose a keyboard layout: If you choose the ‘YES ‘Ubuntu installer will automatically detect your keyboard layout otherwise choose ‘NO‘ and based on location preference above it will select the default.choose the keyboard layout for Ubuntu minimal server installation
    9. The Ubuntu installer start retrieving and loading additional components to configure further things.Retrinving mirrors
    10. Configure the network: Give the hostname to your server. It could be any by which you want to identify your system in your home network.  But, if you are about to use the server for the commercial environment then either check your domain or contact the admin.hostname
    11. Setup user and passwords. This account will use for non-administrative activities.admin user and password setup
    12. The password for the new usersetup user and password
    13. After setting up the username and password, the Ubuntu installer will start installing the base system for Ubuntu.
    14. Once the basic configuration completed. It will ask you whether you want-to automate the security Updates or not. The options are: No automatic updates, Install security updates automatically and Manage system with landscape. Choose what is best for you.Install Ubuntu minimal configuration updates
    15. In this step, as far, the Ubuntu installer has only installed the core of the systems. Now it Gives you alist of software selection out of which you can choose according to your requirement, in case you want otherwise just continue.
      •  The List of software it provides are:
        • Ubuntu Cloud Inage (Instance)
        • DNS Server
        • Kubuntu Desktop
        • Kubtuntu full
        • LAMP server
        • Lubuntu minimal Installation
        • Lubtuntu Desktop
        • Lubtuntu minimal Installation (GTK part)
        • Lubtuntu Desktop (GTK part)
        • Lubuntu minimal Installation (QT part)
        • Lubuntu Qt Desktop (QT part)
        • Mail Server
        • PostgreSQL database
        • Print server
        • Samba file server
        • Ubuntu Budgie desktop
        • Ubuntu desktop
        • Ubuntu MATE desktopAudio recording and editing suite
        • Ubtuntu Studio desktop
        • Ubuntu Studio minimal DE Installation
        • Large selection of font packages
        • 2D/3D creation and editing suite
        • Photograph touchup and editing suite
        • Publishing applications
        • Video creation and editing suite
        • Vanilla GNOME desktop
        • Xubutnu minimal Installation
        • Xubuntu desktop
        • OpenSSh server
        • Basic Ubuntu serverChoose software from the lisy
    16. You can continue if you don’t want to install software. However,  I want to use this server for the web so I have chosen the LAMP.
    17. The Ubuntu installer will start the further installation process and ask for your permission to Install the GRUB boot loader to the master boot record? Just selects the YES.Ubuntu install minimal boot loader
    18. Wait for sometime, let the installer finish the installation and then eject the installation CD and reboot the system. You will get a minimal Ubuntu server environment. Login with the details of the user you set above.

    Other Useful resources:

     

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