To manage Linux servers for hosting purposes most of the services are using WHM’s Cpanel. Although there are many hosting manager software, because of its easy-to-use interface and features, it is one of the best control panels for Web hosting services. And here we will know the steps to install cPanel & WHM on AlmaLinux 8.
What is cPanel?
cPanel, Control Panel, is a control panel developed in 1997 that offers us high-quality web hosting with excellent features that, thanks to WHM (Web Host Manager), can be managed from a graphics console, with everyone doing their job.
Its key features:
⇒ Reselling of hosting services
⇒ Manage web hosting accounts
⇒ User-friendly interface
⇒ It allows us to create email accounts, redirects, and automatic replies.
⇒ Apache and MySQL integration
⇒ More than 500 applications and plugins to expand its features
⇒ Allows transfers and backups
⇒ And more…
Installation requirements for CPanel and WHM in Almalinux 8
⇒ A valid static IP address and hostname
⇒ 1.1 GHz CPU- 64-bit
⇒ Minimum: 1 GB and Recommended: 2 GB
⇒ Free space on the 20 GB hard drive, however, 40 GB is recommended
As a cPanel license, they offer a trial version, hence we can try it for 15 days without paying anything. Whereas, the personal license is available at 15 dollars per month.
Note: Once installed you cannot uninstall this control panel from your server. To remove it you have to reinstall AlmaLinux.
Steps to install WHM CPanel on AlmaLinux 8
1: Run system update
Before moving forward and installing anything let’s update our system’s existing packages to the latest version.
yum update yum upgrade
2. Install Perl and Curl
Since the cPanel is written in Perl, let’s first install it on our AlmaLinux 8 and along with curl that we will use to download the cPanel installation script.
yum install perl curl
3. Download the WHM cPanel installation script
Now, we run the following line to download the script to our main directory which will automate the installation process.
cd /home && curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest
4. Run the Cpanel installation script on AlmaLinux 8
After downloading, we start the execution process of the downloaded script by using the given command:
Note: If you get a hostname error then you can set that by using the command-
Replace your-host.example.com with the actual hostname you want to use. For example– in our case, we have used cpanel.how2shout.com
5. log in to WHM
Once this process is completed, we can access cPanel, go to a browser and enter the following line in the address bar:
https://Server_IP: 2087. Replace Server_IP with your Ip-address.
As we can see, this indicates that the connection to the site is not secure. To bypass this, click on the Advanced button and proceed with the “Continue to IP-address (unsafe)” link. This will add the appropriate exception in the new window to allow the connection with cPanel.
The following window is displayed in which you have to enter your AlmaLinux root user and password to access data for cPanel.
Accept Terms and conditions…
6. Apply for Cpanel & WHM Trail license
Click on the Login button and create an account with WHM service, if you don’t have one. After login, a 15-day free trial license will be issued.
Enter the email address and your hosting service naming Server details. If you don’t know about it, then simply search online for that.
7. WHM Dashboard
Finally, you have installed WHM on Alamlinux 8, now create a cPanel account on it to start hosting a website.
Configuration paths for cPanel and WHM files
Here are a few directories for cPanel installed items, in case any of you want to access it manually on AlmaLinux 8 using the command line-
Directories of addons or cPanel add-ons
Basic files like PHPMyAdmin, themes
Access to cPanel & Error event files
Configuration of the Exim mail server
Named configuration files
Configuration files ProFTP and Pureftpd
/etc/proftpd.conf and /etc/pure-ftpd.conf
CPanel user files
CPanel configuration files (tweak settings)
Network configuration files
Addons and subdomain information
CPanel update files
Clamav configuration files
MySQL configuration files
PHP.ini configuration files
So, these were some quick steps to configure Cpanel & WHM on AlamLinux for web hosting and the respective management of devices and associated accounts.