How to install WHM Cpanel on AlmaLinux 8 Server

To manage Linux servers for hosting purposes most of the services are using WHM’s Cpanel. Although there are many hosting manager software, because of its easy-to-use interface and features, it is one of the best control panels for Web hosting services. And here we will know the steps to install cPanel & WHM on AlmaLinux 8.

What is cPanel?

cPanel, Control Panel, is a control panel developed in 1997 that offers us high-quality web hosting with excellent features that, thanks to WHM (Web Host Manager), can be managed from a graphics console, with everyone doing their job.

Its key features:

  • Reselling of hosting services
  • Manage web hosting accounts
  • User-friendly interface
  • It allows us to create email accounts, redirects, and automatic replies.
  • Apache and MySQL integration
  • More than 500 applications and plugins to expand its features
  • Allows transfers and backups
  • And more…

 Installation requirements for CPanel and WHM in Almalinux 8

  • A valid static IP address and hostname
  • 1.1 GHz CPU- 64-bit
  • Minimum: 1 GB and Recommended: 2 GB
  • Free space on the 20 GB hard drive, however, 40 GB is recommended

As a cPanel license, they offer a trial version, hence we can try it for 15 days without paying anything. Whereas, the personal license is available at 15 dollars per month.

Note: Once installed you cannot uninstall this control panel from your server. To remove it you have to reinstall AlmaLinux.

Steps to install WHM CPanel on AlmaLinux 8

1: Run system update

Before moving forward and install anything let’s update our system’s existing packages to the latest version.

yum update
yum upgrade

 

2. Install Perl and Curl

Since the cPanel is written in Perl, let’s first install it on our AlmaLinux 8 and along with curl that we will use to download the cPanel installation script.

yum install perl curl

 

3. Download WHM cPanel installation script

Now, we run the following line to download the script to our main directory that will automate the installation process.

cd /home && curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest

 

4. Run Cpanel installation script on AlmaLinux 8

After downloading, we start the execution process of the downloaded script by using the given command:

sh latest

Note: If you get a hostname error then you can set that by using the command-

hostname you-host.example.com

Replace your-host.example.com with the actual hostname you want to use.  For example– in our case, we have used cpanel.how2shout.com

 

5. Login to WHM

Once this process is completed, we can access cPanel, go to a browser and enter the following line in the address bar:  https://Server_IP: 2087. Replace Server_IP with your Ip-address.

As we can see, this indicates that the connection to the site is not secure. To bypass this, click on the Advanced button and proceed with the “Continue to IP-address (unsafe)” link.  This will add the appropriate exception in the new window to allow the connection with cPanel.

https error in browser

 

The following window is displayed in which you have to enter your AlmaLinux root user and password to access data for cPanel.

Login WHM on AlmaLinux 8

Accept Terms and conditions…

Agree Cpanbel WHM terms and conditions

 

6. Apply for Cpanel & WHM Trail license

Click on the Login button and create an account with WHM service, if you don’t have one. After login a 15 days free trial license will be issued.

Apply for Cpanel try license Trial license for Cpanel WHM

Enter the email address and your hosting service naming Server details. If you don’t know about it, then simply search online for that.

Set Naming server

 

7. WHM Dashboard

Finally, you have installed WHM on Alamlinux 8, now create a cPanel account on it to start hosing a website.

WHM Cpanel installation on AlmaLinux 8

 

Configuration paths for cPanel and WHM files

Here are few directories for cPanel installed items, in case any of you want to access it manually on AlmaLinux 8 using the command line-

CPanel directories
 /usr/local/cpanel

Third-party tools

 /usr/local/cpanel/3rdparty/

Directories of addons or cPanel add-ons

 /usr/local/cpanel/addons/

Basic files like PHPMyAdmin, themes

 /usr/local/cpanel/base/

CPanel binaries

 /usr/local/cpanel/bin/

CGI files

 /usr/local/cpanel/cgi-sys/

Access to cPanel & Error event files

 /usr/local/cpanel/logs/

WHM files

 /usr/local/cpanel/whostmgr/

Apache configuration

 /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Configuration of the Exim mail server

 /etc/exim.conf

Named configuration files

 /etc/named.conf

Configuration files ProFTP and Pureftpd

 /etc/proftpd.conf and /etc/pure-ftpd.conf

CPanel user files

 /var/cpanel/users/username

CPanel configuration files (tweak settings)

 /var/cpanel/cpanel.config

Network configuration files

 /etc/sysconfig/network

Addons and subdomain information

 /etc/userdomains

CPanel update files

 /etc/cpupdate.conf

Clamav configuration files

 /etc/clamav.conf

MySQL configuration files

 /etc/my.cnf

PHP.ini configuration files

 /usr/local/lib/php.ini

So, these were some quick steps to configure Cpanel & WHM on AlamLinux for web hosting and the respective management of devices and associated accounts.

 

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